Hygienisation is one of prevention elements that has many forms - it depends on oral cavity condition. Scaling (part of hygienisation treatment) involves removal of tartar; sandblasting of the surface and interdental gaps; polishing with appropriate polishing paste and fluoridation that strengthens tooth enamel and block dental caries.
Scaling is executed with advanced ultrasonic instrument that protects tooth enamel from damage. The procedure is painless. The case is different if a person developed inflammation of the tissues around the tooth or if the tooth neck is exposed- local anesthesia can be applied at patient's request. Sandblasting influence the elimination of sediment and discoloration, occurring on the crowns of the teeth. For this purpose, a special sand spreader is used, it blasts high-pressure mixture of water and air with sodium bicarbonate. This procedure complements scaling by thorough clearing the interdental gaps. Tartar removal is finished by polishing the teeth surface. Smooth, polished surface makes it difficult for re-deposition of plaque. The last stage of hygienisation is called fluoridation and this procedure strengthen the tooth enamel, thereby it becomes resistant to bacteria and acids causing dental caries. A fluoride varnish is applied with a brush on prepared surface. To enhance long absorption of fluoride, one should not eat at least two hours after treatment.
One should know that too intensive use of fluoride preparations may have the opposite effect to described above, i.e. tarnishing, fragility and disintegration of the enamel. That is why, the use of such preparation can take place under the supervision of specialist. A good therapy can reduce the rate of dental caries up to 40%. Hygienisation is carried out by qualified dental hygienist, who improve one's skills and focuses on the comfort of patients. Every 6 months- it is a good frequency of teeth cleaning that should take about 60 min. The present care will not protect from tartar or sediment, chiefly when it comes to hard access spaces, such as interdental spaces. Hygienisation treatment changes the aesthetic appearance of the smile and is especially recommended for people who drink a lot of coffee, tea, red wine and smoke cigarettes. The mentioned stimulants lead to discolorations on teeth.